1) Movement and Cognition: Movement and cognition are closely entwined, and movement can enhance thinking and learning
2) Choice: Learning and well-being are improved when people have a sense of control over their lives.
3) Interest: People learn better when they are interested in what they are learning.
4) Extrinsic Rewards are Avoided: Tying extrinsic rewards to an activity negatively impacts motivation to engage in that activity when the reward is withdrawn.
5) Learning From and With Peers: Collaborative arrangements can be very conducive to learning.
6) Learning in Context: Learning situated in meaningful contexts is often deeper and richer than learning in abstract contexts.
7) Respectful Teacher-Child Interaction: Particular forms of adult interaction are associated with more optimal outcomes.
8) Order in Environment and Mind: Order in the environment is beneficial to children.
Source: Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius, by Angeline Lillard (Oxford University Press, 2005)